The Galleri blood test, designed by GRAIL, attempts to detect malignancies early by checking for aberrant DNA released into the blood by cancer cells.
The blood test has only been tested on patients who have already been diagnosed with cancer, but this study will determine if it can detect cancer in those who aren’t experiencing any symptoms.
The Galleri test has sparked a lot of interest, and it’s easy to see why, but that enthusiasm might make it tough to grasp the entire picture.
Here’s all you need to know about it.
How Does the Galleri Blood Test Operate and What Is It?
The Galleri test is a blood test that can identify several different forms of cancer. It does so by looking for DNA in the blood, known as cell-free DNA (cfDNA), which is released into the circulation by both tumor cells and healthy cells.
The test, which was developed by Grail in California and is currently in use in the United States, may detect tiny changes produced by tumors when patients have no other evident symptoms.
It works by detecting chemical changes in genetic code fragments called cell-free DNA (cfDNA) that escape into the bloodstream from tumors. The signal does not necessarily imply that a person has cancer. It simply indicates that they may have cancer and will require more testing to confirm their diagnosis.
This rapid and easy blood test might herald the start of a revolution in cancer detection and treatment in the United Kingdom and throughout the world.Amanda Pritchard – NHS England Chief Executive
Galleri is currently only available in research settings in the United Kingdom since critical questions must be answered before it can be determined whether it should be used more broadly.
What is the Focus of the NHS Study?
The Galleri test will be tested to see if it can accurately and reliably detect cancer in patients who aren’t suspected of having cancer, and if it can detect cancer at an earlier stage than would otherwise be the case in the NHS study.
The Cancer Research UK and King’s College London Cancer Prevention Trials Unit, directed by director Professor Peter Sasieni, will lead the trial, which is being organized by GRAIL in collaboration with NHS England.
Initially, 140,000 participants aged 50 to 77 would be recruited from NHS data and invited to participate in the study.
What Will the Trial Entail?
- At a nearby mobile clinic, participants will be requested to submit a blood sample.
- They will be invited back twice more, after a year and two years, to provide more samples.
- The Galleri test will be used to screen the blood of half of the individuals who participate.
- Others, on the other hand, will have their samples saved and examined in the future if they are diagnosed with cancer.
- This is due to the fact that the experiment is a Randomized Control Trial (RCT).
- Scientists will be able to observe if cancer is discovered substantially sooner in those who get their blood checked right immediately.
Participants will be Informed if their Blood has been Tested
People will only know they’re in the first test group if their blood test identifies possible cancer symptoms, which is a small proportion.
The trial nurses will call such individuals by phone and send them to an NHS hospital for additional testing.
Everyone taking part should keep their regular NHS screening visits and notify their doctor if they detect any new or unusual symptoms.
Who is Eligible to Participate in the NHS-Galleri Trial?
The trial’s goal is to recruit 140,000 participants across the United Kingdom.
However, only residents of certain locations are eligible to participate:
- Cheshire and Merseyside
- Greater Manchester
- the North East
- West Midlands
- East Midlands
- East of England
- Kent and Medway
- South East London
Hundreds of thousands of individuals have already received letters inviting them to participate.
Those being polled are between the ages of 50 and 77, are from a variety of backgrounds and races, and have not been diagnosed with cancer in the previous three years.
What is the Purpose?
The NHS expects that the blood tests will help raise cancer five-year survival rates, which are now lower than in many other high-income nations.
For many years, scientists have been working on developing a blood test for cancer with little success.
Making one that is accurate and trustworthy has proven to be quite difficult. The risk is that a test either fails to identify cancer when it exists or incorrectly signals cancer when it does not.
The test could be a game-changer for early cancer diagnosis.Prof. Peter Sasieni – One of the Trial’s Principal Scientists
However, he added a word of caution advising that cancer screening can find cancers earlier when they are more likely to be treated successfully, but not all types of screening work.
The results of the experiment might indicate that the Galleri test can detect cancer early on when it is simpler to cure. By participating, you might be helping others since more cancers could be effectively treated.
The Galleri test isn’t flawless, and it might result in a false positive. You may have some anxiety as a result of this. If you are determined to be cancer-free, you may be subjected to tests that are unnecessary.
A member of the study team will discuss the potential advantages and hazards of participating when you come in for your blood sample.
You can find out more about the NHS Trial here